Lohgarh Sikh State Capital, Yamuna Nagar

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Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Heritage Development Foundation

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Established by Sikh Gurus Sahiban & Baba Banda Singh Bahadur

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History of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur

Date Events
16 Oct. 1670Lachhman Dev (later became Baba Banda Singh Bahadur) was born at Rajouri, Jammu.
1686Became acetic and remain bairagi for 22 years as Madho Das.
04 Sep. 1708Transformation of Bairagi to Baba Banda Singh Bahadur by Guru Gobind Singh at Nander.
05 Oct. 1708Baba Banda Singh Bahadur left Nander with Bhagwant Singh Bangeshari’s caravan.
Oct. 1709Baba Banda Singh Bahadur covers a distance of more than 1500 K.M(Travelled through Khan Desh, Mandsaur, Ajmer, Phulera, Churu, Bharatpur and reached Bangar Desh.
Nov. 1709Captured royal treasury of Kaithal.
26 Nov. 1709Captured Samana and appointed Fateh Singh as the Governor of Samana.
Dec. 1709Captured Ghuram, Sanour, Thaska, Tahnesar, Dahmala, Shahabad, Mustafabad, Kunj Pura and Kapori.
Dec. 1709Captured mighty Sadhaura and killed Osman Khan, Governor of Sadahur and renamed it as Ajaibnagar.
Jan. 1710Station at Lohgarh and made it as First Sikh State Capital.
12 May 1710Sarhind most powerful province of Mugal Empire captured by Baba Banda Singh Bahadur.
20 June 1710Baba Banda Singh Bahadur got married to Susheel Kaur.
July 1710Returns to Lohgarh.
11 July 1710Baba Banda Singh Bahadur captures Saharanpur and Buria was rename as Gulab Nagar.
Aug. 1710Baba Banda Singh Bahadur captured Muzaffar Nagar.
Sep.-Oct. 1710The Muslim priests of Lahore declared jehad against Sikhs.
26 Dec. 1710Emperor Bahadur Shah and encamps near sadhaura. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur closes doors of Lohgarh and moves with his army to conquer the other parts of Punjab including lahore, as the Mughal army was made busy at Sadhaura. Raja of Nahan Bhup Parkash was arrested and Mughals were never able to capture Lohgarh.
Jan. 1711Married to Sushil Kaur d/o Ruler of Chamba.
04 Feb. 1711Emperor set out for Saharanpur and Buria; Khan Khanan, Munaim Khan indisposed; Baba Banda Singh Bahadur supported by 8000 horsemen and foot soldiers still in thr hills, well prepared to give a fight; due to heavy snow, passage blocked and hill chiefs could not arrest him; movement of the emperor not certain but there was a rumour that he will go to Guru ka Chak ( Amritsar) via Ludhiana.
01 Mar. 1711The emperor has encamped near Saharanpur; fear of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur is so wide spread that the Mughal officials and general public do not move out of the cities.
06 March 1711Informs thar Rustam Dil Khan assisted by Hamid Khan and isfandyar Khan has been deputed to chastie Baba Banda Singh Bahadur who had appeared in the hills of Kulu; it is said that an army of 40000 soldiers is at his command; the impact of Sikh uprising very severe in the direction of Lahore.
07 March 1711It refers to the politics at the Mughal court, dissension and disunity among the princes; the Sikhs have established complete sway up to the outskirts of the Lahore, consequently city’s outer market has moved inside the city.
18 April 1711On response to an enquiry it reports that Raja of Nahan has been put in the prison of Salimgarh (Delhi); the emperor arrived in Chhat-Banur, bridge over Sutlej getting ready; animals of the people of Sadahura taken away by the Sikhs; Vanjara of that place helping the Sikhs.
09 May 1711It states that Baba Banda Singh Bahadur has established himself at Kalanour; the Hindus and Muslims are joining his army; the Emperor has crossed the river Sutlej and advancing towards Kalanour; Mohammed Amin Khan along with Raja Mohkam Singh has been assigned expedition against the Sikhs.
13 June 1711It refers to a report from Agra that Kharag Singh and other Sikhs have been captured; from them a letter of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur written to the Rajput chiefs was recovered; such type of negligence is very harmful and in future be careful; Baba Banda Singh Bahadur is said to have gone towards Lakhi Jungle with a motive to reach Ajmer.
02 July 1711Emperor remarked that though two encounters had taken place but the Mughal army failed to apprehend Baba Banda Singh Bahadur; no Mughal noble dares to march against the Sikhs; strategy to fight the Sikhs that one column of Mughal army be stationed towards the east of river Beas and another in the foot hills of Shivalik; the Emperor ordered the Rajput chiefs to rtake position on the left bank of river Sutlej and chastise Baba Banda Singh Bahadur in case he makes his appearance there.
30 July 1711Instead of presenting t the Mughal court the Rajput chiefs were ordered to move quickly and take position at Sadhaura.
22 Aug. 1711Referes to consultations over the issue of royal order regarding jagir to Rajas; the Emperor would stay for a couple of months in Lahore; Baba Banda Singh Bahadur has moved towards Sadhaura.
30 Aug. 1711The writer advised Raja Jai Singh to prevail upon Raja Ajit Singh and counsel him to render the Mughal service with zeal; the Emperor has ordered the Rajas of confront Baba Banda Singh Bahadur at Sadhaura, liquidate him and earn the royal favour.
07 Dec 1711Informs that Mahabat Khan has asked the Rajas to stay for a few more days in Sadhaura in order to quell Baba Banda Singh Bahadur; however before the gurjbardar arrives the Rajas had already departed.
Jan. 1712Ajay Singh the son of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was born at Lohgarh.
May 1712It informs that Baba Banda Singh Bahadur has reoccupied Mukhlispur; fort constructed ; the Sikh thanas established; Mohammed Amin Khan has engaged him in fighting; now he is preparing for an attack on Lohgarh.
April 1713Mughal army is preparing for attack on Lohgarh; Abdus Samad Khan has taken position there and pitched battle is expected; Baba Banda Singh Bahadur encamped inside the fort; has made good preparation to give tough fight to Mughal army.
06 Aug. 1713Lohgarh besieged by the Mughal army; heavy downpour; the Sikh strategy of war fare and fortification of Lohgarh; sudden Sikh attacks on the Mughals.
27-29 Aug 1713It refers to Abdus Samad Khan’s plans to raid Lohgarh and Staragarh; clashes between the Mughal and Sikh forces and losses on the side of Mughals; impression about Abdus Samad Khan that he is a coward and there is no unity among the Mughal nobles.
Dec 1713Baba Banda Singh Bahadur again left the fort of Lohgarh and left for hill area, as a strategy of war. It is worthwhile to mention here Mughals never captured Lohgarh.
Sep 1714Baba Banda Singh Bahadur returned to the plain of Punjab.
Feb 1715Baba Banda Singh Bahadur captured Batala and Kalanour.
19 March 1715Baba Banda Singh Bahadur reached Garhi of Gurdass Nangal.
April 1715Mughal seiged the Garhi of Gurdass Nangal.
07 Dec 1715Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and his companions were arrested.
27 Feb 1716Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and Sikhs were imprisoned in Salim Garh Fort, Delhi.
05 March 1716Execution of 700 Sikh prisoners started.
09 June 1716Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was executed along with his son Ajay Singh, who was only 4 and ½ years old.